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Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy for Athletes: Preventing Injuries and Enhancing Performance

Athletes dedicate time and effort to train and perform at their best but one crucial aspect of their health is oftentimes overlooked: the pelvic floor. The pelvic floor muscles play a significant role in athletic performance and injury prevention. In this blog post, we’ll explore how pelvic floor physical therapy can help athletes reduce the risk of injuries and enhance their overall performance.

Understanding the Pelvic Floor in Athletics

The pelvic floor muscles are a group of muscles that form a sling-like structure at the bottom of the pelvis, supporting the pelvic organs and maintaining continence. For athletes, these muscles are essential in providing stability and support during high-impact activities, such as running, jumping, and lifting.

However, intense physical training, repetitive movements, and high-impact sports can lead to strain, tension, and imbalances in the pelvic floor muscles. Over time, this can result in pelvic floor dysfunction, leading to issues such as urinary incontinence, pelvic pain, and even injuries in other parts of the body, such as the hips, lower back, and knees.

Benefits of Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy for Athletes

Injury Prevention: Pelvic floor therapy can help athletes prevent injuries by addressing pelvic floor muscle imbalances and weaknesses. By promoting proper pelvic alignment and muscle coordination, athletes can achieve better overall stability and reduce the risk of overuse injuries.
Enhanced Core Strength: The pelvic floor is an essential component of the core muscles. Pelvic floor therapy can contribute to strengthening the core, improving functional movement, and optimizing athletic performance.
Reduced Urinary Incontinence: Some female athletes experience stress urinary incontinence, especially during high-impact activities. Pelvic floor therapy can address this issue by strengthening the pelvic floor muscles, reducing leakage, and providing greater confidence during physical exertion.
Improved Flexibility and Range of Motion: Tight pelvic floor muscles can restrict hip mobility and limit an athlete’s range of motion. Through pelvic floor therapy, athletes can achieve improved flexibility and a wider range of motion, leading to better athletic performance.
Enhanced Pelvic Stability: A strong and stable pelvic floor can enhance overall pelvic stability, which is crucial for athletes involved in activities that require quick changes in direction and explosive movements.
Recovery and Rehabilitation: In cases of pelvic injuries, such as pelvic fractures or strains, pelvic floor physical therapy can be an integral part of the rehabilitation process. By restoring pelvic muscle strength and function, athletes can recover more effectively and return to their sport with reduced risk of re-injury.

Common Diagnoses

Athletic Pubalgia: Also known as sports hernia, athletic pubalgia is a painful condition characterized by the strain or tear of soft tissues in the lower abdominal and groin region. It commonly affects athletes involved in sports requiring sudden changes in direction or intense twisting movements.
Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction (SPD): SPD is a condition that causes pain and instability in the pelvic joint, specifically the symphysis pubis, which connects the two pelvic bones at the front of the pelvis. It often occurs during pregnancy due to increased pressure on the joint and hormonal changes.
Pelvic Pain: Pelvic pain refers to discomfort or pain in the lower abdominal, pelvic, or groin area. It can have various causes, including gynecological, musculoskeletal, and gastrointestinal issues, and may significantly impact a person’s quality of life.
Urinary Incontinence: Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine, which can be caused by weakened pelvic floor muscles, hormonal changes, nerve damage, or other factors. It can lead to embarrassment and affect daily activities.
Abdominal Hernias: Abdominal hernias occur when an organ or tissue protrudes through a weakened area in the abdominal wall. They can cause pain, discomfort, and potentially serious complications if left untreated.

For athletes, pelvic floor physical therapy offers a holistic approach to injury prevention and performance enhancement. By addressing pelvic floor issues and promoting optimal muscle function, athletes can reduce the risk of injuries, improve stability and flexibility, and enhance overall athletic performance.

Inspira Physical Therapy & Pilates in Park Slope, Brooklyn, New York

During an assessment, our therapists will evaluate pelvic floor function, muscle strength, and any existing issues or imbalances. Based on the evaluation, a personalized treatment plan will be developed to address specific needs and goals. Contact us at (929) 295-6566 or email us at

One comment on “Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy for Athletes: Preventing Injuries and Enhancing Performance

  1. Thanks for helping me understand how you could use pelvic floor therapy to prevent injuries and improve an athlete’s performance. I have a friend who wants to try out a variety of physical activities this year. I should talk to him about finding a physical therapist that can help him with this someday.

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